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Single

The Single class is similar to Flowable, however instead of representing a stream of data with an unknown length, Single represents a stream which will only ever produce a single value, and which is produced on demand (when subscribed). From a practical perspective Single is a lazy, cancellable Promise that supports operators (e.g. map()).

Examples#

Network Request#

This example creates a Single that resolves to the result of an XHR request. The fetch API does not support cancellation, so no cancel callback is passed to onSubscribe(). The user may still call cancel() to ignore the fetch results and stop onComplete() or onError() from being called.

const single = new Single((subscriber) => {
fetch('https://...').then((resp) => {
resp.json().then(
(data) => subscriber.onComplete(data),
(error) => subscriber.onError(error)
);
});
subscriber.onSubscribe();
});
single.subscribe({
onComplete: (data) => console.log(data),
onError: (error) => console.error(error),
onSubscribe: (cancel) => {
/* call cancel() to stop onComplete/onError */
},
});

Timer#

This example creates a Single that resolves to a string after a timeout, passing a cancellation callback to stop the timer in case the user cancels the Single:

const single = new Single((subscriber) => {
const id = setTimeout(() => subscriber.onComplete('hello!'), 250);
// Cancellation callback is optional
subscriber.onSubscribe(() => clearTimeout(id));
});
single.subscribe({
onComplete: (data) => console.log(data),
onError: (error) => console.error(error),
onSubscribe: (cancel) => {
/* call cancel() to stop onComplete/onError */
},
});

API#

constructor (function)#

class Single<T> {
constructor(source: Source<T>)
}
type Source<T> = (subscriber: Subscriber<T>) => void;
type Subscriber<T> = {
onComplete: (data: T) => void,
onError: (error: Error) => void,
onSubscribe: (cancel: CancelCallback) => void,
};
type CancelCallback = () => void;

subscribe() (method)#

This method connects the Single to a subscriber of values. Unlike Flowable, with Single a subscribe also implicitly indicates demand. PartialSubscriber differs from Subscriber only in that methods are optional.

subscribe(subscriber: PartialSubscriber<T>): void
type PartialSubscriber<T> = {
onComplete?: (data: T) => void,
onError?: (error: Error) => void,
onSubscribe?: (cancel: CancelCallback) => void,
}

map() (method)#

This method applies a transform function to values produced by this Single. This is similar to Array.prototype.map, Observable.prototype.map, etc.

map<U>(fn: (data: T) => U): Single<U>
Last updated on by Kevin Viglucci